Self defense or self defence can be of many kinds. Basically it is a countermeasure to an attack on one’s person; an act of defending oneself. Self-defense is not restricted to personal safety; it could include your household, property, family members etc. The ‘right to defend oneself’ is established by legal jurisdictions in many regions but the interpretation of the ‘use of force in times of danger’ varies widely.
The use of physical force to counter a personal attack or an attack of violence can be classified in two ways – armed and unarmed. The chances of warding off an attack depends on many factors, but is largely related to the extent of severity of the attack and the mental ability and physical skill of the person warding off the attack.
There are a wide range of self defense techniques – both armed and unarmed. While the armed category obviously uses weapons and firearms as protective measures and requires the person using such arms to have the skills and be in conformity with legal regulations, the unarmed category is the most widely used form of self defense. Techniques and practices of combat are codified by traditions and systems and are practiced for many reasons ranging from competition, entertainment, fitness and health, physical development, self defense and spiritual development.
Experts opine that although there are many forms of combat and self defense practices, basic techniques are a must for everyone to protect themselves as a matter of firm right.
Top Ten Basic Self Defense Methods
1. Do not try anything dramatic; it means that do not copy movie stunts or techniques that come from hours of practice and perfection, unless you have had some amount of training in a specific technique.
2. The objective is not to win. Rather it is to gain time to find an escape mode or draw attention of others around so that the opponent is outnumbered.
3. Know your limits. If your attacker is armed, rather lose your wallet and credit cards, wrist watch or jewelry than put up a fight and be stabbed or shot, severely putting yourself at immense risk, unless of course you are an experienced practitioner at disabling an armed attacker. It’s far easier to lose some personal effects that can be replaced.
4. Stay calm and try not to panic. Keeping your composure is easier said than done, but you would be wise to remember that not being afraid is half the job done. You too have the potential to hurt when cornered.
5. Do not just stand still or give up. Any amount of resistance is better than no resistance at all and if you show some spirit, you never know, it may put the attacker off guard a bit, which is to your great advantage.
6. There are no rules in a street or alley attack. Use whatever you have in hand, handbag, keychain or any implement that can inflict some damage. Experts advise women, when faced with an attacker, to strike the groin with a hard thrust of the knee while putting the force of your palm under the attacker’s chin. It is a tried and proven self defense technique to allow time to run or scream for help. Even finger nails can cause maximum damage when thrust into the eye of the attacker; several women who have been attacked have recounted how they bit the attacker’s hand enough to cause pain, the time gap was sufficient to get them out of the situation and get quick help.
7. Make the first strike. That will surely disable the attacker because it is least expected. Attackers plan on hitting first and being hit first makes him want to defend himself, something against his nature.
8. Close the distance quickly. The Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu technique tells you to bridge the gap quickly and literally be within nose distance. The proximity can be unnerving for the attacker because it does not give enough leeway to strike or hurt; on the other hand, you can quickly land a few blows or punches throwing him off balance.
9. If you have some experience in wrestling or boxing, trip your attacker and throw him to the ground. Then use anything you can find around you to prevent him from getting back to his feet quickly. Throwing sand or mud in the attacker’s face is a good tactic to disable him even for a few minutes giving you enough time to get away from the scene.
10. Keep your hands up like a ring boxer. If your attacker tries to physically punch you, your hands will lessen the force or prevent the blows from landing on the face or nose and causing injuries.